Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. When the liver is inflamed or damaged, its function can be affected.
Heavy alcohol use, toxins, some medications, and certain medical conditions can all cause hepatitis. However, hepatitis is often caused by a virus. In the United States, the most common hepatitis viruses are hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis Ahepatitis Band hepatitis C are liver infections caused by three different viruses. Although each can cause similar symptoms, they are spread in different ways and can affect the liver differently.
Hepatitis A is usually a short-term infection. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C can also begin as short-term infections but in some people, the virus remains in the body, and causes chronic lifelong infection.
There are vaccines to prevent hepatitis A and hepatitis B; however, there is no vaccine for hepatitis C. Hepatitis C is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis C virus.
Hepatitis C can range from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. Experts do not fully understand why this happens for some people. Ina total of 2, cases of acute hepatitis C were reported to CDC. CDC estimates the actual number of acute hepatitis C cases was almost 41, in Inthere were an estimated 2.
Hepatitis C is usually spread when blood from a person infected with the hepatitis C virus enters the body of someone who is not infected. Today, most people become infected with the hepatitis C virus by sharing needles or other equipment to prepare or inject drugs. Beforehepatitis C was also commonly spread through blood transfusions and organ transplants. After that, widespread screening of the blood supply in the United States virtually eliminated this source of infection.
Hepatitis C virus is not spread by sharing eating utensils, breastfeeding, hugging, kissing, holding hands, coughing, or sneezing. It is also not spread through food or water. If you have been infected with the hepatitis C virus How common is hepatitis c transmitted sexually cleared the virus, or if you have been successfully treated and cured, you can be re-infected with the hepatitis C virus.
Yes, but the risk of transmission from sexual contact is believed to be low.
The risk increases for people who have multiple sex partners, have a sexually transmitted disease, engage in rough sex, or are infected with HIV. A few major research studies have not shown hepatitis C to be spread through licensed, commercial tattooing facilities.
However, transmission of hepatitis C and other infectious diseases is possible when poor infection-control practices are used during tattooing or piercing. Unregulated tattooing and piercing are known to occur in prisons and other informal settings and may put a person at risk of infection. Yes, but this does not occur very often. If hepatitis C virus is spread within a household, it is most likely a result of direct, through-the-skin exposure to the blood
How common is hepatitis c transmitted sexually an infected household member.
About 6 in infants born to mothers with hepatitis C become infected with the hepatitis C virus. However, the risk becomes greater if the mother has both HIV and hepatitis C. The American Red Cross does not accept blood donations from anyone with current signs or symptoms of hepatitis, or if you have ever tested positive for hepatitis C.
According to the U.
Even with acute or chronic hepatitis C, you may be able to donate your organs or tissues. The transplant team will determine what organs or tissue can be used based on a clinical evaluation, medical history and other factors.
People with new acute hepatitis C virus infection usually do not have symptoms or have mild symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they can include:.
In those people who develop symptoms from acute infection, the average time from exposure to symptoms ranges from 2 to 12 weeks. However, most people who are infected with the hepatitis C virus do not develop symptoms. Yes, even if a person with hepatitis C has no symptoms, he or she can still spread the hepatitis C virus to others.
Yes, many people who are infected with the hepatitis C virus do not know they are infected because they do not look or feel sick. Most people with chronic hepatitis C virus infection do not have any symptoms or have general, or common symptoms such as chronic fatigue and depression.
Many people eventually develop chronic liver disease, which can range from mild to severe, including cirrhosis scarring of the liver and liver cancer. Chronic liver disease in people with hepatitis C usually happens slowly, without any signs or symptoms, over several decades. Chronic hepatitis C virus infection is often not recognized until people are screened for blood donation or from an abnormal blood test found during a routine examination.
Chronic hepatitis C can be a serious disease resulting in long-term health problems, including liver damage, liver failure, liver cancer, or even death. It is a major cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation in the United States. There were 18, deaths related to hepatitis C virus reported to CDC inbut this is believed to be an underestimate.
Developing cirrhosis is more likely if you are male, age 50 years and older, use alcohol, have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, hepatitis B virus or HIV coinfection, or take immunosuppressive drugs. Other experts, including a group that helps set health policies in the United States, called the U. Getting tested for hepatitis C is not part of routine prenatal care.
There is no evidence that breastfeeding spreads hepatitis C virus. Precautions may
How common is hepatitis c transmitted sexually considered if a mothers with hepatitis C has cracked or bleeding nipples because there is not enough information on the risks How common is hepatitis c transmitted sexually transmission when this happens.
The only way to know if you have hepatitis C is to get tested and you may need more than one type of test. A blood test, called a hepatitis C antibody test, can tell if you have ever been infected with the hepatitis C virus.
Antibodies are chemicals released into the bloodstream when someone gets infected. Another test, called a hepatitis C virus RNA test, can tell if you have a current infection with the hepatitis C virus. For most people exposed to the hepatitis C virus, the HCV antibody blood test will be positive in 4—10 weeks.
It is common for persons with chronic hepatitis C to have a liver enzyme level that goes up and down, with periodic returns to normal or near normal.
Some people with hepatitis C have liver enzyme levels that are normal for over a year even though they have chronic liver disease. There is not a recommended treatment for acute hepatitis C. People with acute hepatitis C virus infection should be followed by a doctor and only considered for treatment if their infection remains and becomes a chronic infection.
There are several medications available to treat chronic hepatitis C. Hepatitis C treatments have gotten much better in recent years. For a complete list of currently approved FDA treatments for hepatitis C, please visit http: First, people with chronic hepatitis C should talk to their doctor about treatments, even if they have been treated for hepatitis C in the past.
For people with cirrhosis, there is a continued risk of liver cancer even after hepatitis C virus infection is cured. People with chronic hepatitis C, and people with cirrhosis even if they have been cured for hepatitis C should be monitored regularly by a doctor and be vaccinated against hepatitis A and hepatitis B.
People with chronic hepatitis C should avoid alcohol because it can cause additional liver damage. They also should check with their doctor before taking any prescription pills, herbs, supplements, or over-the-counter medications, as these can potentially damage the liver.
Research into the development of a vaccine for hepatitis C is under way. Vaccines are available for hepatitis A and hepatitis B. There is no evidence that people can get hepatitis C from food handlers, teachers, or other service providers without blood-to-blood contact.
Yes, a person can be infected with both HIV and hepatitis C virus. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Hepatitis C Questions and Answers for the Public. Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir. What is the difference between hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C?
What is hepatitis C? What is the likelihood that acute hepatitis C will become chronic? Is it possible to clear the hepatitis C virus? How common is acute hepatitis C in the United States? How common is chronic hepatitis C in the United States? How common is hepatitis c transmitted sexually is hepatitis C spread? Can I be re-infected with hepatitis C virus if I have cleared the virus?
Can hepatitis C virus be spread through sexual contact? Can you get hepatitis C by getting a tattoo or piercing? Can hepatitis C be spread within a household? Who is at risk for hepatitis C? What is the risk of a pregnant woman passing hepatitis C to her baby? Can a person get hepatitis C virus from a mosquito or other insect bite? Can I donate blood if I have tested positive for hepatitis C? Can someone with hepatitis C donate organs? What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis C?
How soon after exposure to hepatitis C virus do symptoms appear? Can a person spread hepatitis C virus without having symptoms? Is it possible to How common is hepatitis c transmitted sexually hepatitis C and not know it? What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis C? Apr 3, Hepatitis C is rarely spread through sex, but there are some 1 Share. It's possible — albeit, rare — for hepatitis C to be spread through sex.
Nov 2, Although each can cause similar symptoms, they are spread in different who have multiple sex partners, have a sexually transmitted disease. Aug 12, However, a person can also contract hepatitis C through sexual intercourse. Less common methods of transmitting hepatitis C include.