Nowadays we think nothing — or nothing much — of unmarried couples who openly live together; of wives who have their own bank accounts or who separate from husbands due to their abuse or philandering.
If her husband wanted to work abroad, she was legally obligated to accompany him. Unless she got a court order. It was Cory Aquino, a widow with four daughters, who with a single stroke of the pen, drastically changed all these.
In July 6,using legislative powers recognized by the Constitution,she signed Executive Order No. This replaced Book 1 of the Civil Code.
The Family Code, together with the now controversial Administrative Code ofwere both enacted, respectively, on July 6 and July Dating pangulong corazon aquino books, by Mrs. In both instances, Mrs Aquino chose to preempt Congress which reopened on July 27, — fifteen years after Marcos had shut it down. Can you imagine Fidel Ramos, and especially Joseph Estrada making it a priority during their macho presidencies?
My good friend and veteran photojournalist Sonny Camarillo took this pic. Instead it was left to Cory Aquino to personally enact the law and liberate Filipinas from medieval restrictions imposed by the Civil Code, such as giving husbands total control of the conjugal property by having their wives confined in leprosariums. The Family Code contains sections that the Catholic Church would have strongly objected to, had it known beforehand. Here are three examples:.
The Family Code relaxed rules for legal separation and annulment. However, it has taken a generation for that change to happen. Change often happens subtly, like water scarring and penetrating the hardest of rocks.
But this kind of change is just as powerful. The enactment of the Family Code is what I would call the quiet revolution of Dating pangulong corazon aquino books. The word usually means a violent change, such as the overthrow of a social and political order. But it can also mean a rotation or revolving — the way a watch keeps time or a turbine produces energy.
The revolution sparked by the Family Code overthrew the old social and even political order where Filipino men were more equal than women. The Family Code made both husband and wife the center — and co-equal partners — in every Filipino "Dating pangulong corazon aquino books," the basic unit of society. To show you how Pres. The Family Code legalized artificial insemination by inserting this provision: Children conceived or born during the marriage of the parents are legitimate.
Children conceived as a result of artificial insemination of the wife with the sperm of the husband or that of a donor or both are likewise legitimate children of the husband and his wife, provided, that both of them authorized or ratified such insemination in a written instrument executed and signed by them before the birth of the child. The instrument shall be recorded in the civil registry together with the birth certificate of the child.
When a man and a woman who are capacitated to marry each other, live exclusively with each other as husband and wife without the benefit of marriage or under a void marriage, their wages and salaries shall be owned by them in equal shares and the property acquired by both of them through their work or industry shall be governed by the rules on co-ownership.
In the absence of proof to the contrary, properties acquired while they lived together shall be presumed to have been obtained by their joint efforts, work or industry, and shall be owned by them in equal shares. Neither party can encumber or dispose by acts inter vivos of his Dating pangulong corazon aquino books her share in the property acquired during cohabitation and owned in common, without the consent of the other, until after the termination of their cohabitation.
When only one of the parties to a void marriage is in good faith, the share of the party in bad faith in the co-ownership shall be forfeited in favor of their common children. In case of default of or waiver by any or all of the common children or their descendants, each vacant share shall belong to the respective surviving descendants. In the absence of descendants, such share shall belong to the innocent party.
In all cases, the forfeiture shall take place upon termination of the cohabitation. In cases of cohabitation not falling under the preceding Article, only the properties acquired by both of the parties through their actual joint contribution of money, property, or industry shall be owned by them in common in proportion to their respective contributions.
In the absence of proof to the contrary, their contributions and corresponding shares are presumed to be equal. The same rule and presumption shall apply to joint deposits of money and evidences of credit. If one of the parties is validly married to another, his or her share in the co-ownership shall accrue to the absolute community or conjugal partnership existing in such valid marriage.
If the party who acted in bad faith is not validly married to another, his or her shall be forfeited in the manner provided Dating pangulong corazon aquino books the last paragraph of the preceding Article. The foregoing rules on forfeiture shall likewise apply even if both parties are in bad faith. A widow can marry any time she pleases under the Family Code.
The period could only be cut short if she gives birth within that period. No such prohibition bars a widower. The Family Code dropped this senseless provision in the old Civil Code. Senseless because it covers even post-menopausal women:. No marriage license shall be issued to a widow till after three hundred days following the death of her husband, unless in the meantime she has given birth to a child. Under the Family Code, a husband or wife — whose spouse goes missing — only has to wait for four years instead of seven before petitioning Dating pangulong corazon aquino books court to declare the marriage null and void.
The marriage so contracted shall be valid in any of the three cases until declared null and void by a competent court. A marriage contracted by any person during subsistence of a previous marriage shall be null and void, unless before the celebration of the subsequent marriage, the prior spouse had been absent for four "Dating pangulong corazon aquino books" years and the spouse present has a well-founded belief that the absent spouse was already dead.