I have heard a lot about a law that protects employees over the age of What is this about? The Age Discrimination in Employment Act ofas amended, protects individuals Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination protected under which law are 40 years of age and older from employment discrimination based on age. Some examples are hiring, firing, promotion, job assignments, and training. Bush, the ADA provides a wide range of civil rights protection for individuals with disabilities.
Titles I and V prohibits employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in private businesses and in state and local governments covering both mental and physical impairments that limit major life activitiesbut who are otherwise qualified for employment. The ADA prohibits discrimination in all employment practices, including job application procedures, hiring, firing, training, compensation, advancement, and any other terms, conditions or privileges of employment.
The Act emphasizes that the definition of disability should be construed in favor of broad coverage of individuals to the maximum extent permitted by the terms of the ADA and generally shall not require extensive analysis.
The effect of these changes is to make it easier for an individual seeking protection under the ADA to establish that he or she has a disability within the meaning of the ADA. Read more details about sexual orientation. I heard through unofficial that it is illegal to discriminate against an individual based on their parental status.
Status as a parent is defined as an individual who, with respect to an individual who is under the age of 18 or who is 18 or older, but, is incapable of self-care because of a physical or mental disability, is a biological parent, an adoptive parent, a foster parent, a stepparent, a custodian of a legal ward, in loco parentis over such an individual, or actively seeking legal custody or adoption of such an individual.
I think my supervisor denied my promotion based on my marital status.
He constantly speaks of his dislike for divorced people. Are there any regulations that prohibit discrimination against individuals based on their marital status? Yes, the Civil Service Reform Act of CSRAas amended, prohibits employment discrimination in the Federal government based on marital status, political affiliation, and conduct which does not adversely affect the performance of the employee.
Please note, however, that these bases do not fall within the jurisdiction of EEO. You might Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination protected under which law to take a look at their websites www. I have heard that it is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against an employee because of his or her religion. What does this mean? Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of prohibits employers from discriminating against individuals because of their religion in hiring, firing, and other terms and condition of employment.
The Act also requires employers to reasonably accommodate the religious practices of an employee or prospective employee, unless doing so would create an undue hardship on the employer. I believe I was discriminated against because of my accent. Is this covered under national origin? Investigations will focus on the qualifications of the employee and whether his or her accent or manner of speaking had a detrimental effect on job performance. I am often teased and harassed in my work area because of my nationality.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of protects individuals against employment discrimination on the basis of national origin as well as race, color, religion, and sex. Under this Act, discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions constitutes unlawful sex pregnancy discrimination. I am pregnant, and my doctor has placed me on restrictions.
Is my supervisor required to adhere to these restrictions? If an employee is temporarily unable to perform her job due to pregnancy, the agency must treat her the same way as any other temporarily disabled employee.
For example, if an employee with a broken hand received modified tasks or alternative assignments, the same must be done for a pregnant employee. I am pregnant, and I am thinking about taking three months off after my baby is born. Is my supervisor required to approve my leave request? An employer may not have a rule that prohibits an employee from returning to work for a predetermined length of time after childbirth.
For instance, an employer may not require an employee to return to work 4 weeks after childbirth. Sexual harassment is unwanted and unwelcome advances of a sexual nature.
It could be a touch, written note, joke, picture, etc.
It can be intentional or unintentional. The first type is Quid Pro Quo. This means that a person in a position of power over another offers to trade a tangible employment action or benefit such as promotion for a sexual favor. The second type is hostile work environment. In this instance, the environment is created by obvious sexually oriented activity by employees and supervisors. Sexual harassment is rarely found as the result of a single incident or event.
The victim as well as the harasser may be a woman or a man. The victim does not have to be of the opposite sex. I have first-hand knowledge of a co-worker who is being harassed by his supervisor.
He Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination protected under which law afraid and embarrassed to come forward and report the harassment. Since I am in the immediate work area, can I report the harassment? Yes, the victim does not have to be the person harassed, but could be anyone affected by the offensive conduct. A co-worker constantly tells lewd jokes in my presence.
Her behavior is offensive, but I am afraid to speak up in fear of not being perceived as a team player. Inform the individual that her conduct is unwelcome and must stop. If her behavior continues, inform the supervisor or the OEEO.
My supervisor often asks me to lunch, but I decline his offers. Is this a form of sexual harassment? The conduct as described is not sufficient to constitute sexual harassment; it must be of a sexual nature. I am aware that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of prohibits discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin.
What is the difference between race discrimination and color discrimination? Race discrimination occurs when employees are treated differently than other employees because of unalterable characteristics, such as physical features attributed to their race.
For example, this Act prohibits discrimination against an Asian individual because of physical characteristics such as facial features or height. Color discrimination occurs when persons are treated differently than others because of their skin pigmentation.
Color discrimination can occur within the same ethnic group. So does that mean that individuals of the same race can discriminate against another because of different skin pigmentation?
Sex discrimination occurs when men and women who are similarly situated are treated differently based on gender. It takes place when deliberate, repeated, or unsolicited verbal comments, gestures, or physical contacts of a sexual nature are unwelcome. Retaliation is a discriminatory or adverse action made against a person who files a complaint or charge, participates in an investigation or charge, or opposes an employment practice made illegal by any of the statutes.
Employees are protected from retaliation in the EEO process. The most obvious types of retaliation are denial of a promotion, refusal to hire, denial of job benefits, demotion, suspension and discharge. Other types of adverse actions include threats, reprimands, negative evaluations, and harassment. After a female employee filed an EEO complaint of discrimination stating she was denied a promotion because of her gender, one week later the supervisor invited a few employees out to lunch.
The employee believed she was excluded because of her EEO complaint. Even if the supervisor chose not to invite the employee because of her charge, this would not constitute unlawful retaliation because it not reasonably likely to deter protected activity.
The supervisor excluded the employee from these lunches after she filed the sex discrimination charge. If she was excluded because of her charge, this would constitute unlawful retaliation since it could reasonably deter this employee or others from engaging in protected activity.
Union activity is not a protected activity. Read more details about discrimination laws and regulations go to the EEOC webpage. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Enter Email Address What's this? Frequently Asked Questions - Types of Discrimination.
Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir. Can you cite examples of term, condition, or privilege of employment? Top of Page Disability Discrimination Are there any laws that protect employees from disability discrimination? Top of Page Status as a Parent I heard through unofficial means that it is illegal to discriminate against an individual based on their parental status.
I am a foster parent. Does this mean that I am covered too? Well, if not EEO whom can I go to? Top of Page Religious Discrimination I have heard that it is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against an employee because of his or her religion. What is an undue hardship? Can you cite examples of religious reasonable accommodation? My religion is non-traditional. Religion is not limited to traditional denominations.
I am an atheist.
Does that mean I am not protected? Atheists are protected because of their sincere lack of religious beliefs. Top of Page National Origin What is meant by national origin discrimination? Is there a National Origin Act that covers this form of discrimination? Top of Page Pregnancy Is there a law that protects pregnant employees?