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Non-heterosexual bias

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Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction or a combination of these to persons of the opposite sex or genderthe same sex or Non-heterosexual bias, or to both sexes or more than one gender.

These attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexualityhomosexualityand bisexuality[1] [2] while asexuality the lack of sexual attraction to others is sometimes identified as the fourth category.

Non-heterosexual bias categories are aspects of the more nuanced "Non-heterosexual bias" of sexual identity and terminology. Androphilia describes sexual attraction to masculinity ; gynephilia describes the sexual attraction to femininity. Scientists do not know the exact cause of sexual orientation, but they theorize that it is caused by a complex interplay of genetichormonaland environmental influences. Sexual Non-heterosexual bias is reported primarily within biology and psychology including sexologybut it is also a subject area in anthropologyhistory including social constructionismand law[19] and there are other explanations that relate to sexual orientation and culture.

Sexual orientation is traditionally defined as including heterosexualitybisexualityand homosexualitywhile asexuality is considered the fourth category of sexual orientation by some researchers and has been defined as the absence of a traditional sexual orientation. An asexual has little to no sexual attraction to people. Some people prefer simply to follow an individual's self-definition or identity. Scientific and professional understanding is that "the core attractions that form the basis for adult sexual orientation typically emerge between middle childhood and early adolescence".

Many cultures use identity labels to describe people who express these attractions. In the United States, the most frequent labels are lesbians women attracted to womengay men men attracted to menand bisexual people men or women attracted to both sexes. However, some people may use different labels or none at all".

They additionally state that sexual orientation "is distinct from other components of sex and gender, including biological sex the anatomical, physiological, and genetic characteristics associated with being male or femalegender identity the psychological sense of being male or femaleand social gender role the cultural norms that define feminine and masculine behavior ".

Sexual identity and sexual behavior are closely related to sexual orientation, but they are distinguished, with sexual identity referring to an individual's conception of themselves, behavior referring to actual sexual acts performed by the individual, and orientation referring to "fantasies, attachments and longings. The term may, however, reflect a certain cultural context and particular stage of transition in societies which are gradually dealing with integrating sexual minorities.

In studies related to sexual orientation, when dealing with the degree to which a person's sexual attractionsbehaviors and identity match, scientists usually use the terms concordance or discordance.

Thus, a woman who is attracted to other women, but calls herself heterosexual and only has sexual relations with men, can be said to experience discordance between her sexual orientation homosexual or lesbian and her sexual identity and behaviors heterosexual.

Sexual identity may also be used to describe a person's perception of his or her own sexrather than sexual orientation. The term sexual preference has a similar meaning to sexual orientationand the two terms are often used interchangeably, but sexual preference suggests a degree of voluntary choice.

Androphilia and gynephilia or gynecophilia are terms used in behavioral science to describe sexual attraction, as an alternative to a homosexual and heterosexual conceptualization. They are used for identifying a subject's object of attraction without attributing a sex assignment or gender identity to the Non-heterosexual bias. Related terms such as pansexual and polysexual do not make any such assignations to the subject.

Same gender loving SGL is considered to be more than a different term for gay; it Non-heterosexual bias the concept of love into the discussion. The complexity of transgender orientation is also more completely understood within this perspective.

Using androphilia and gynephilia can avoid confusion and offense when describing people in non-western cultures, as well as when describing intersex and transgender people. Psychiatrist Anil Aggrawal explains that androphilia, along with gynephilia, "is needed to overcome immense difficulties in characterizing the sexual orientation of trans "Non-heterosexual bias" and trans women.

For instance, it is "Non-heterosexual bias" to decide Non-heterosexual bias a trans man erotically attracted to males is Non-heterosexual bias heterosexual female or a homosexual male; or a trans woman erotically attracted to females is a heterosexual male or a lesbian female.

Any attempt to classify them may not only cause confusion but arouse offense among the affected subjects. In such cases, while defining sexual attraction, it is best to focus on the object of their attraction Non-heterosexual bias than on the sex or gender of the subject.

Sexual orientation is an enduring...

This usage is particularly advantageous when discussing the partners of transsexual or intersexed individuals. Non-heterosexual bias newer terms also do not carry the social weight of the former ones. Some researchers advocate use of the terminology to avoid bias inherent in Western conceptualizations of human sexuality.

Writing about the Samoan fa'afafine demographic, sociologist Johanna Schmidt writes that in cultures where a third gender is recognized, a term like "homosexual transsexual" does not align with cultural categories.

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