STIs are infections that can be passed from one person to another through unprotected sex sex without a condom. Some STIs can also be passed to partners through oral sex. It is a good idea to have an STI test after unprotected sex or when you change partners. It is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is particularly common in sexually active teenagers and young adults.
Most people with chlamydia don't notice any symptoms 20 sexually transmitted infections nhs don't know they have it but can still pass it on to others through unprotected sex.
Treatment for chlamydia is usually with antibiotic tablets, read more about chlamydia at NHS Choices. Order a Chlamydia test kit. Epididymo-orchitis is a condition affecting men characterised by pain and swelling inside the scrotum and is due to an infection either in the:.
In men under the age of 35 years it is usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection STI in the water pipe e. Prompt medical assessment is needed to make sure you don't have a twisted testicle testicular torsion as this can result in long term damage to the testicle if not dealt with quickly. If you have epididymo-orchitis we recommend that you should 20 sexually transmitted infections nhs routine tests for all sexually transmitted infections including chlamydiagonorrhoea, syphilis and HIV.
In men under the age of 35 years the most common cause is a sexually transmitted infection STI such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea with local spread from the water pipe. In men over the age of 35 years the most common cause is a urine infection - with local spread of infection from the bladder. This may also occur after surgical procedures such as cystoscopy or catheterisation.
Rarely epididymo-orchitis may be caused by other infections such as mumps or tuberculosis. Epidiymo-orchitis is easily treated with antibiotics, painkillers and rest but the pain frequently takes weeks to months to totally settle. Genital herpes is a common infection caused by the herpes simplex virus HSV.
It causes painful blisters on the genitals and the surrounding areas. HSV can affect any mucous membrane moist liningsuch as those found in the mouth cold sores.
It is passed by close contact and so is referred to as a sexually transmitted infection. Genital herpes is a chronic long-term condition.
The virus remains in your body and can become active again. The average rate of recurrence is four to five times in the first two years after being infected. However, over time, it tends to become active less frequently and each outbreak becomes less severe.
There are often few or no initial symptoms, at least eight out of 10 people who carry the "20 sexually transmitted infections nhs" are unaware they have been infected because. However, certain triggers can activate the virus, causing an outbreak of genital herpes. Read more about genital herpes on NHS Choices. Genital warts are the result of a viral skin infection caused by the human papilloma virus HPV.
The HPV is not a single virus, but a family of more than different strains of viruses.
Different strains usually affect 20 sexually transmitted infections nhs parts of the body, including the hands or feet. Although around 30 different types of HPV can affect the genital skin, most cases are caused by just two types type 6 and type The types of HPV that cause visible genital warts do not cause genital cancer, some other strains of HPV can cause cervical cancer.
Symptoms - visible warts small fleshy growths, bumps or skin changes that appear on or around the genital or anal area.
They are usually painless and do not pose a serious threat to health, "20 sexually transmitted infections nhs" they can be unpleasant to look at and cause psychological distress. Treatment for genital warts depends on how 20 sexually transmitted infections nhs warts you have and where they are. Several treatments are available, such as liquids or creams and freezing the warts cryotherapy. Read more about genital warts at NHS Choices.
Gonorrhoea is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. 20 sexually transmitted infections nhs used to be known as 'the clap' and is easily passed between people through unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex. It can also be passed on by sharing vibrators or other sex toys that haven't been washed or covered with a new condom each time they're used. Treatment is usually with an injection and antibiotic tablets. It is recommended that you attend a follow-up appointment two weeks after treatment to check you are clear of the infection.
Hepatitis is the term used to describe inflammation of the liver. It's usually the result of a viral infection or liver damage caused by drinking alcohol. There are several different types of hepatitis, most of which are outlined below. Some types will pass without any serious problems, while others can be long-lasting chronic and cause scarring of the liver cirrhosisloss of liver function and, in some cases, liver cancer.
Hepatitis A is caused by the hepatitis A virus. It's usually caught by consuming food and drink contaminated with the poo of an infected person and is most common in countries where sanitation is poor. Hepatitis A usually passes within a few months, although it can occasionally be severe and even life-threatening. There's no specific treatment for it, other than to relieve symptoms such as pain, nausea and itching.
Vaccination against hepatitis A is recommended if you are a man who has sex with other men. This can be provided as part of you sexual health check-up. If you are planning on travelling to an area where the virus is common, such as the Indian subcontinent, Africa, Central and South America, the Far East and Eastern Europe then we would recommend contacting your GP and having this vaccination as part of you travel plans.
Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus, which is spread in 20 sexually transmitted infections nhs blood of an infected person. It's a common infection worldwide and is usually spread from infected pregnant women to their babies, or from child-to-child contact. In rare cases, it can be spread through unprotected sex and injecting drugs. Hepatitis B is uncommon in the UK and most cases affect people who became infected while growing up in part of the world where the infection is more common, such as Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
Most adults infected with hepatitis B are able to fight off the virus and fully recover from the infection within a couple of months. However, most people infected as children develop a long-term infection.