These five cities, also known as the "cities of the plain" from Genesis in the Authorized Versionwere situated on the Jordan River plain in the southern region of the land of Canaan. The plain, which corresponds to the area just north of the modern-day Dead Sea was compared to the garden of Eden [Gen. Divine judgment by God was passed upon Sodom and Gomorrah and two neighboring cities, which were completely consumed by fire and brimstone.
Neighboring Zoar Bela was the only city to be spared. In Abrahamic religionsSodom and Gomorrah City destroyed god because homosexuality statistics become synonymous with impenitent sin, and their fall with a proverbial manifestation of divine retribution.
The story has therefore given rise to words in several languages. These include the English word sodomywhich is used in sodomy laws to describe sexual "crimes against nature", namely anal or oral sex particularly homosexualor bestiality. The etymology of both names is uncertain, and scholars disagree about them. There are other stories and historical names which bear a resemblance to the biblical stories of Sodom and Gomorrah.
Some possible natural explanations for the events described have been proposed, but no widely accepted or strongly verified sites for the cities have been found.
Of the five "cities of the plain", only Bela, modern-day Zoarais securely identified, and it remained a settlement long after "City destroyed god because homosexuality statistics" biblical period. The ancient Greek historiographer Strabo states that locals living near Moasada as opposed to Masada say that "there were once thirteen inhabited cities in that region of which Sodom was the metropolis".
Strabo identifies a limestone and salt hill at the south western tip of the Dead Sea, and Kharbet Usdum Hebrew: In Giovanni Pettinato claimed that a cuneiform tablet that had been found in the newly discovered library at Ebla contained the names of all five of the cities of the plain Sodom, Gomorrah, AdmahZeboimand Belalisted in the same order as in Genesis. The names si-da-mu [TM. Excavations of the areas near Mount Sodom, Tel el-Hammam, and Bab edh-Dhra, led by Ron Wyattuncovered large sulfur chunks embedded within natural rock.
However, despite this seemingly incriminating find, these sulfuric deposits are most likely the result of calcite and gypsum reacting City destroyed god because homosexuality statistics the local strata following a seismic event. Furthermore, Wyatt's reliability is discredited by many scholars, historians, historical organizations, and even religious institutions, including the Israel Antiquities Authority  and Answers in Genesis. Certain skeptics of the biblical account have theorized that, provided that the cities existed at all, they might have been destroyed by natural disaster.
This might have unleashed showers of steaming tar. There is a lack of contemporary accounts of seismic activity within the necessary timeframe, however, to corroborate this theory. InWalter E. Thomas Schaub discovered or visited a number of possible sites of the cities, including Bab edh-Dhrawhich was originally excavated in by archaeologist Paul Lapp, and later finished by Rast and Schaub following his death. Each of the sites were near the Dead Sea and showed evidence of burning and traces of sulfur.
Another candidate for Sodom is the Tall el Hammam dig site which began in under the direction of Steven Collins. Merrill believes that the identification of Tall el-Hammam with Sodom would require an unacceptable restructuring of the biblical chronology. The Jewish historian Josephus identifies the Dead Sea in geographic proximity to the ancient biblical city of Sodom. He refers to the lake by its Greek name, Asphaltites. The Book of Genesis is the primary source that mentions the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah.
The Battle of Siddim is described in Genesis Sodom and Gomorrah's political situation is described when Lot had encamped in Sodom's territory.
At this time, "the men of Sodom [were] wicked and sinners before the Lord exceedingly". Their kingship, however, was not sovereign, because all of the river Jordan plain was under Elamite rule for City destroyed god because homosexuality statistics years. The kingdom of Elam was ruled by King Chedorlaomer. In the 13th year of subjugation to Elam, the five kings of the river Jordan plain allied to rebel against Elamite rule. These kings included those of Sodom and Gomorrah as well as their neighbors: In response, Elam's King Chedorlaomergathered additional forces from ShinarEllasar and Goyim to suppress this rebellion from the cities of the plain.
They waged war in the Vale of Siddim in the 14th year.
The battle was brutal with heavy losses in the cities of the plain, with their resultant defeat, Genesis Sodom and Gomorrah were spoiled of their goods, and captives were taken, including Lot. The tide of war turned when Lot's uncle, Abrahamgathered an elite force that slaughtered King Chedorlaomer's forces in Hobah, north of Damascus. The success of his mission freed the cities of the plain from under Elam's rule. The story of the judgment of Sodom and Gomorrah is told in Genesis 18— Three men, thought by most commentators to have been angels appearing as men, [ citation needed ] came to Abraham in the plains of Mamre.
After City destroyed god because homosexuality statistics angels received the hospitality of Abraham and Sarah, "the Lord" revealed to Abraham that he would confirm what he had heard against Sodom and Gomorrah, "and because their sin is very grievous.
In response, Abraham City destroyed god because homosexuality statistics of the Lord if he would spare the city if 50 righteous people were found in it, to which the Lord agreed he would not destroy it for the sake of the righteous yet dwelling therein.
Abraham then inquired of God for mercy at lower numbers first 45, then 40, then 30, then 20, and finally at 10with the Lord agreeing each time. Lot refused to give his guests to the inhabitants of Sodom and, instead, offered them his two virgin daughters "which have not known man" and to "do ye to them as [is] good in your eyes".
However, they refused this offer, complained about this alien, namely Lot, giving orders, and then came near to break down the door. Lot's angelic guests him and struck the men with blindness and they informed Lot of their mission to destroy the city.