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Who discovered narcissistic personality disorder


Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's idealised self image and attributes. The term originated from Greek mythologywhere the young Narcissus fell in love with his own image reflected in a pool of water. Narcissism is a concept in psychoanalytic theorywhich was popularly introduced in Sigmund Freud 's essay On Narcissism The American Psychiatric Association has listed the classification narcissistic personality disorder in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM sincedrawing on the historical concept of megalomania.

Narcissism is also considered a social or cultural problem. It is a factor in trait theory used in Who discovered narcissistic personality disorder self-report inventories of personality such as the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory. It is one of the three dark triadic personality traits the others being psychopathy and Machiavellianism. Except in the sense of primary narcissism or healthy self-lovenarcissism is usually considered a problem in a person's or group's relationships Who discovered narcissistic personality disorder self and others.

Narcissism is not the same as egocentrism. The term "narcissism" comes from the Greek myth about Narcissus Greek: This caused Narcissus to fall in love with his own reflection in a pool of water. Unable to consummate his love, Narcissus "lay gazing enraptured into the pool, hour after hour," and finally changed into a flower that bears his name, the narcissus. In ancient Greece the concept was understood as hubris. It is only more recently that narcissism has been defined in psychological terms.

Four dimensions of narcissism as a personality variable have been delineated: A book on power-hungry narcissists suggests that narcissists typically display most, and sometimes all, of the following traits: These criteria have been criticized because they presume a knowledge of intention for example, the phrase "pretending to be". Thus classification requires assumptions which need Who discovered narcissistic personality disorder be tested before they can be asserted as fact, especially considering multiple explanations could be made as to why a person exhibits these behaviors.

Masterson identified what they called the seven deadly sins of narcissism: The general move towards a dimensional personality trait-based view of the Personality Disorders has been maintained.

Some narcissists may have a limited or minimal capability to experience emotions. The Cochrane Collaboration has commissioned two reviews of the evidence for psychological and medical treatments for Narcissistic Personality Disorder NPD. There are no clear treatment strategies for NPD, [13] neither medication, nor Psychotherapy.

Karen Horney saw the narcissistic personality as a temperament trait molded by a certain kind of early environment.

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